(Platycercus elegans elegans)
This is a highly variable species particularly as far as colour is concerned. For many years it was regarded as three separate species. These were the Crimson Rosella, which has crimson as its main body colour, the Adelaide Rosella, which posses a basically orange-red-yellow plumage, and the Yellow Rosella, with yellow as its main plumage colour. Each of them has a blue cheek patch and the normal patterned pack, typical of rosellas, with black feathers outlines in each bird’s basic body colour.
The Crimson Rosella is also known as the Mountain or Red Lowry. The adult male Crimson Rosella is a very attractive bird, with its contrasting crimson red and black plumage. The adult female is similar to the male, but is slightly duller in body colour and has similar head and narrower upper mandible.
In subtropical and tropical northern sectors of the ranges, Crimson Rosella are very much a bird of upland habitats, and only south of about the Hunter Valley, in eastern New South Wales, do they become prevalent in the lowlands. Crimson Rosellas are found throughout eastern and southeastern Australia, excluding Tasmania. They were introduced to Norfolk Island and to New Zealand.
Food comprises seeds of grasses, shrubs and trees, especially eucalypt, acacia and grevilleas, as well as a wide variety of fruits, berries, nuts, buds, blossoms, nectar, and insects and their larvae, all of which are procured among branches or on the ground.
Nesting generally takes place during August to December. The nest normally is in a hollow limb or hole in a tree, usually living or dead eucalypt, but have also be found in hollow fencepost, nestboxes, crevices in brick walls or under roof and chimneys of buildings.