Zoo Flora: Australian

Zoo Flora: Australian

Australian Fan Palm

Licuala ramsayi

These spectacular palms are native to far north Queensland. They prefer a wet and humid climate, however, they are one of the most cold-tolerant palms in the Licuala family. Keep your eyes to the sky because these palms can grow to over 20 metres high!

Distribution:  Far North Queensland

Height: 20 metres

Width: 5 metres

Season: Summer

Location at Australia Zoo: Admissions

Bottle Tree

Brachychiton rupestris

Aptly named the bottle tree, these plants have an unmistakable bulbous trunk and creamy-yellow, bell-shaped flowers. This species is native to western parts of Queensland and northern New South Wales. It is a hardy tree known to survive harsh drought conditions!

Distribution:  Western Queensland and Northern New South Wales

Height: Up to 7 metres

Width: Up to 4 metres

Season:  All year round

Location at Australia Zoo: African Savannah and Meerkats

Cat’s Whiskers

Orthosiphon aristatus

This flowering herb is native to Australia and south-east Asia. Flower colours can range from pink to white and always have ‘whiskers’ extending outwards up to twice as long as the flower itself! This sun-loving plant will flower throughout autumn and summer months.

Distribution:  Australia and South-east Asia

Height: 1.5 metres

Width: Up to 90 centimetres

Season: Summer and Autumn

Location at Australia Zoo: South-east Asia and The Laughing Frog Waterpark

Dragon Tree

Dracaena draco

This stunning succulent is widespread throughout Australia, America, Asia and Africa. It thrives in a tropical climate and is extremely slow growing. A mature dragon tree will develop a large, umbrella-like appearance. This tree is often referred to as a ‘dragon blood tree’ due to the red, blood-like sap that is secreted when it’s cut!  The dragon tree is native to Canary Islands, where is it now considered endangered.

Distribution:  Australia, Asia, America and Africa

Height: Up to 10 metres

Width: Up to 9 metres

Season: All year round

Location at Australia Zoo: Bindi’s Island

Dwarf Bottlebrush

Melaleuca citrinus “Little John”

This beautiful bottlebrush is native to eastern Queensland and New South Wales. It is a durable shrub that is moderately drought and frost tolerant. During the summer and spring months, an abundance of gorgeous, red flowers appear, attracting many native, nectar-feeding birds and insects!

Distribution:  Eastern Queensland and New South Wales

Height: 1.2 metres

Width: 1.5 metres

Season: Spring and Summer

Location at Australia Zoo: Koala Walk Through

Eumundi Quandong

Elaeocarpus eumundi

This slow growing tree is native to eastern Queensland and New South Wales. Capable of reaching great heights, this tree has smooth, glossy leaves and cream, scented flowers. During spring and summer months a small blue fruit will grow.

Distribution:  Eastern Australia

Height: Up to 25 metres

Width: 3 metres

Season: Spring and Summer

Location at Australia Zoo: Tiger Temple

Foxtail Palm

Wodyetia bifurcata

This stunning palm is aptly named a foxtail palm due to the feathery, foxtail-shaped fronds it produces! These palms thrive in the warm, humid environment of northern Queensland. They are fast growing and will reach great heights of up to 10 metres!

Distribution:  North Queensland

Height: Up to 10 metres

Width: 3 metres

Season: Summer

Location at Australia Zoo: Wetlands

Illawarra Flame Tree

Brachychiton acerifolius

The beautiful, bright red, bell-shaped flowers of the Illawarra flame tree are a sight to see throughout eastern Australia. This tree is deciduous, meaning it sheds its leaves after the dry season! They are capable of reaching great heights of over 20 metres!

Distribution: Eastern Queensland and New South Wales

Height: Over 20 metres

Width: Up to 10 metres

Season: Spring

Location at Australia Zoo: African Savannah

Kauri Pine

Agathis robusta

The kauri pine is a softwood timber species found throughout Queensland. They thrive all year round and reach heights of up to 50 metres! This very attractive tree is often harvested for its timber.

Distribution: Queensland

Height: Up to 50 metres

Width: 7 metres

Season: All year round

Location at Australia Zoo: Bindi’s Treehouse

Kentia Palm

Howea forsteriana

This impressive palm is identified by its slender trunk and crown of drooping fonds, capable of reaching lengths of three metres long! It is a slow-growing palm that thrives in the tropical environment of Australia and Lord Howe Island. Unfortunately, the kentia palm is considered a vulnerable species.

Distribution: Queensland and Lord Howe Island

Height: Up to 50 metres

Width: 7 metres

Season: All year round

Location at Australia Zoo: South-east Asia

Native Rosemary

Westringia fruticosa ‘blue gem’

This stunning shrub is native to the coast of New South Wales and southern regions of the USA. Its foliage is bushy and dark green with small, bluish-purple flowers. Rosemary is a tough and durable plant, suited to dry conditions with full sun exposure!

Distribution: New South Wales and Southern United States of America

Height: 2 metres

Width: 5 metres

Season: Spring

Location at Australia Zoo: Tiger Temple and South-east Asia

Staghorn Fern

Platycerium

The stunning staghorn is native to the southern hemisphere. They typically grow on other trees and rocks in order to catch rain water, leaves and debris from above. These ferns are best suited to lightly-shaded environments and thrive all year round!

Distribution: Australia, Africa, South America and Southern Asia

Height: 1 metre

Width: up to 1 metre

Season: All year round

Location at Australia Zoo: Throughout Australia Zoo

Swamp Banksia

Banksia robur

This Australian native naturally inhabits wet areas. It is commonly spotted throughout Queensland and New South Wales and favours open, sunny positions. This shrub is identified by the large, yellowish-golden flower heads that attract many nectar-eating birds and insects!

Distribution: Queensland and New South Wales

Height: 2.5 metres

Width: 0.5-2 metres

Season: Winter and early Spring

Location at Australia Zoo: Koala Walk Through

Wheel of Fire

Stenocarpus sinuatus

This is one of Australia’s most spectacular rainforest trees! It is identified by their bright, red flowers, especially during the summer months. The wheel of fire is a highly adaptable tree, capable of surviving in a variety of environments!

Distribution: Queensland and New South Wales

Height: Up to 30 metres

Width: 3 metres

Season: Summer and Autumn

Location at Australia Zoo: Asian Small-clawed Otter area