Australia Zoo's Sumatran elephants

Sumatran Elephants

Sumatran Elephants

Check out Australia Zoo’s Sumatran Elephants!

Our four female Sumatran elephants enjoy their own sanctuary with access to hundreds of acres to play and roam. They will be adventuring into their world-class tropical oasis ‘Elephantasia’ each day between 10:00am and 4:00pm for our guests to see them!


Sumatran elephants are found exclusively in the low lying forests and gentle hills of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Their grey colouration can assist in providing camouflage in their shady habitat.



Solely herbivores, the Sumatran elephant’s dexterous trunk and large molars enable them to gather and process between 5 to 10% of its body weigh in vegetation per day, including grasses, leaves, fruit and bark. Elephants do not drink with their trunks; they use them as ‘tools’ to drink with. Consuming up to 200 litres (53 gallons) of water each day, a Sumatran elephant will fill its trunk with water and then pour the water into its mouth. Crikey!



Sumatran elephants are a critically endangered species with estimated numbers of just over 2,000 individuals left in their natural habitat. Our Sumatran elephants will participate in the Inter-region Program, a program working with zoological facilities to provide insurance populations, maintaining long-term genetic and demographic integrity while supporting key education and conservation initiatives.



Australia Zoo is proud to be upholding Steve’s dream to protect and conserve these critically endangered Sumatran elephants. Discover more about elephant conservation here.

  • Class of animal icon


  • Genus of animal icon


  • Species of animal icon

    maximus ssp. sumatranus

  • height of animal icon

    Up to 3 metres

  • weight of animal icon

    Up to 5,000 kilograms

  • diet of animal icon


  • gestation of animal icon

    19 - 22 months

  • threatened species status of animal icon

    Critically Endangered

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